Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas took to the world stage on Thursday to slam the United States for “depriving the peace process of any credibility” and undermining prospects for a two-state solution to the decades-old Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
In a speech before the U.N. General Assembly, Abbas also criticized the U.S. for recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, for saying that Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories are legitimate and for cutting development aid to the Palestinians.
U.S. policy, he said, is “pushing large segments of the Palestinian people to lose hope in the possibility of long-awaited peace,” and renewed his call for an international peace conference.
“No one can separate the Jewish people from our historical homeland, and no one can separate us from Jerusalem, our eternal capital,” Foreign Minister Israel Katz said.
The Trump administration has been working on a long-awaited peace plan, which the Palestinians have rejected over what they see as the administration’s unfair bias toward Israel. Katz called on the Palestinians to return to direct negotiations without any pre-conditions.
The last round of direct peace negotiations broke down in 2009, shortly after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu assumed office.
Abbas opened his speech with a warning:
“Our people are waiting for hope. Be careful, be careful, be careful,” Abbas said. “You should not ignore this generation and deprive them of this hope. I hope you do not deprive them of this hope.”
Abbas was not the only one seeking U.N. help to address conflicts with neighbors as leaders from nations struggling with war and poverty had their say before the world body.
The president of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, accused Turkey of undermining recent peace talks with its aggressive behavior. The two have been at odds since 1974, when Turkey invaded following a coup by supporters of union with Greece, splitting the country along ethnic lines.
Inequality within the United Nations also was a theme: Abbas urged the General Assembly to give the Palestinians, who in 2012 were granted the status of a U.N. observer state, full membership in the 193-nation world body.
Separately, Sierra Leone’s president, Julius Maada Bio, called for the Security Council to give Africa a permanent seat on the Security Council , which is the U.N.’s most powerful body.
“Africa’s patience has been tested,” he said, noting an urgent need for the continent’s representation.
For decades, there have been calls to expand the U.N.’s most powerful body, but competing national and regional interests have prevented council reform so far.
The most off-beat argument for reform came from El Salvador’s new leader, who opened his speech by taking a selfie and suggesting that the global gathering is out of touch with the times.
President Nayib Bukele said the U.N. needs to embrace change and technology to stay relevant — and suggested the assembly could meet via video and engage people around the world in its work.
Later Thursday, Saudi Arabia, which blames Iran for a Sept. 14 attack on its key oil sites, called on the international community to pressure Tehran “with every tool available.”
“It is necessary for the international community to realize that cutting off sources of finance is the best way to compel the regime to renounce its militias, prevent it from developing ballistic missiles and put an end to its destabilizing activities in the region and the world,” Saudi Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Assaf said.
Iran has denied any involvement in the Saudi strike, which jolted global oil markets. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani repeated those denials during a news conference in New York on Thursday. Saudi Arabia insists Iranian weapons were used and has invited U.N. investigators to assess where the strikes originated. The U.S., France, Britain and Germany have said Iran was behind the attacks.
In his speech, Katz declared Iran to be “the main problem threatening stability and security in the Middle East.”
Israel considers Iran to be its greatest enemy and has been a leading opponent to the 2015 international nuclear deal with Iran. Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, says Tehran is trying to build a nuclear weapon — which Iran denies — and has accused the Iranians of violating provisions of the agreement.
Source: Associated Press – EDITH M. LEDERER and MARIA SANMINIATELLI