5 Issues Religious Liberals Will Be Tuned to in the Democratic Debates

Democratic presidential candidates participate during the Democratic primary debate hosted by NBC News at the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts on June 26, 2019, in Miami. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee)

Liberal religious voters and activists have been unusually visible this election season, helping stage protests and candidate forums to voice both their outrage with the Trump administration and their hopes for those policies the 2020 Democratic presidential field will embrace.

With CNN hosting two Democratic debates this week on Tuesday and Wednesday (July 30-31), left-leaning people of faith will likely be among those watching with interest.

So what will this increasingly vocal and politically influential group be looking for? Here are a few issues they are likely to keep an eye on.

1. Treatment of immigrants

Religious leaders and groups have been among the harshest critics of President Trump’s immigration policies, with people of faith repeatedly condemning the administration’s travel ban, threat of deportation raids, separation of migrant families along the U.S.-Mexico border and the detention of migrant children. A few dozen liberal congregations are housing immigrants at risk of deportation in their buildings as part of the New Sanctuary Movement, effectively daring Immigration and Customs Enforcement to violate its own informal policy of not raiding churches, schools and hospitals.

Their activism has led to several direct confrontations with the Trump administration. In November 2018, police arrested 27 people in North Carolina — most from the same church, including the pastor — after they surrounded a van in which ICE officials had detained an undocumented immigrant who had been living in the basement of CityWell Church (he had briefly left to attend a meeting with immigration officials).

A demonstrating church member is arrested after Samuel Oliver-Bruno, 47, an undocumented Mexican national, was arrested after arriving at an appointment with immigration officials, in Morrisville, N.C., on Nov. 23, 2018. He had been living in CityWell United Methodist Church in Durham since late 2017 to avoid the reach of immigration officers, who generally avoid making arrests at churches.  (AP Photo/Travis Long)

In March, the Rev. Kaji Douša learned she was on a list of immigrant rights activists who were being tracked and scrutinized by the U.S. government (she has since filed a federal lawsuit accusing the administration of violating her religious liberty). And just this week, hundreds of faith-based demonstrators organized by the Poor People’s Campaign descended on El Paso, Texas, to demonstrateoutside a detention center that houses immigrants.

Several 2020 Democratic candidates such as Sen. Kamala Harris and Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand have already made reference to faith when discussing immigration issues, and South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg did so in his last debate appearance. With so much frustration in faith communities over the government’s treatment of immigrants, liberal religious voters will likely relate to candidates who voice similar outrage during CNN’s debate.

2. Refugees

A variety of faith groups have opposed the Trump administration’s decision to dramatically reduce the cap on refugee admissions, which currently sits at 30,000 — the lowest number since the current iteration of the refugee resettlement program began in the 1980s. The refugee resettlement program itself, which operates as a partnership between the federal government and nonprofit groups, is already largely religious: Of the nine groups that help resettle refugees, six are faith-based organizations that rely on congregational funding and volunteers.

Those programs have already been decimated under Trump, with groups being forced to close offices and lay off employees — some of whom are refugees themselves — due to the reduction in refugee admissions. With the government now reportedly mulling the possibility of reducing the refugee admissions cap to zero next year, religious groups are speaking out about a policy they say violates their religious call to welcome those in need.

Democratic 2020 candidates have thus far mostly spoken of refugees in tandem with immigration overall, but liberal religious voters may be looking for candidates to speak directly to the issue this go-round.

Hindu Rohingyas take part in daily life in their secluded refugee settlement in Dec. 2018, near Kutupalong, Bandladesh. RNS photo by Amir Hamza

3. Climate change

Concern for the environment and the need to curb global climate change has been a mainstay among religious communities for some time.

2014 Pew Research poll revealed that black Protestants and Hispanic Catholics were already more likely than most other religious demographics to say that global warming is not only real, but caused by human activity. Progressive and indigenous activists from across the country descended on North Dakota’s Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in 2016 to participate in the protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline, an overtly spiritual movement led by Native Americans. And in 2015, the release of Pope Francis’ “Laudato Si’” — an encyclical dedicated to environmental concerns — helped establish climate change as a top religious issue.

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Source: Religion News Service