‘Crazy’ or Called?: Some Evangelicals Debate Death of American Missionary

American missionary John Allen Chau apparently was killed this month by the Indian people group he sought to reach with the Gospel.
Screen capture from CNN.

The last reported sighting of American missionary John Allen Chau was Nov. 17. Fishermen off the coast of India’s North Sentinel island spotted what they thought was his lifeless body being dragged across the beach and buried by members of the Sentinelese tribe.

The Sentinelese are an isolated people group known to rain down arrows on outsiders who visit their home island in the Bay of Bengal. Though he knew the danger, Chou, 26, went as a missionary to the Sentinelese because they are reportedly among the world’s 400-600 unengaged unreached people groups (UUPGs) that have no contact with the outside world. In all, approximately 3,200 of the world’s 11,576 people groups are defined as UUPGs.

“You guys might think I’m crazy in all this but I think it’s worthwhile to declare Jesus to these people,” Chau wrote in his last note to his family, according to media reports.

Chau’s apparent death has drawn reports in major media outlets across the world and has sparked discussion among evangelicals. While there has been nearly universal agreement among believers about the heroism of Chau’s effort to reach the Sentinelese with the Gospel, mission strategists continue to discuss the wisdom of his methods.

Was Chau’s landing on North Sentinel island via kayak and subsequent announcement of God’s love to the Sentinelese “the best strategy?” asked Keith Eitel, dean of the Roy Fish School of Evangelism and Missions at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. “We don’t know.” Yet to be seen “is the inspirational impact of such a martyrdom,” he said, noting the impact of the 1956 martyrdom in Ecuador of missionary Jim Elliot and four of his colleagues when they tried to reach an uncontacted UUPG.

On the night of Nov. 14, Chau, who served with the missionary organization All Nations, paid a group of fishermen to take him to North Sentinel, according to media reports. For two days he used a kayak to travel the half mile from the boat to the shore and make preliminary contact with the Sentinelese. At one point a child reportedly shot an arrow at him that pierced his waterproof Bible. Chau apparently offered the Sentinelese fish and other small gifts before they killed him.

According to the missions website JoshuaProject.net, the Sentinelese are “dark, tall people who hunt, gather, and fish” and are “completely isolated from the rest of the world.” Attempts by the Indian government to make peaceful contact were met “with arrows and stones,” so “the Indian government now leaves them alone and entering the North Sentinel island is not allowed.” PeopleGroups.org, another missions website, reports the Sentinelese practice “ethnic religions” and not Hinduism or Islam like many other Indians.

Online estimates of the number of Sentinelese range from 40-500.

R. Albert Mohler Jr., president of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, devoted most of his podcast The Briefing to Chau’s death today (Nov. 26). “It’s important for Christians to understand it is always right and never wrong to share the Gospel with anyone,” Mohler said, “whether or not they are believed to be a part of either a reached or an unreached people group. But methodology is important here.”

“To put the matter bluntly,” Mohler said, Chau’s evangelistic method “is not the way that most modern missions organizations would seek to reach this kind of group. That doesn’t mean that they wouldn’t demonstrate the same kind of courage. It doesn’t mean that missionaries even today are not serving under the threat of martyrdom and often facing the reality of martyrdom.”

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SOURCE: Baptist Press, David Roach