Ireland’s Blasphemy Ban Is Gone, But Dozens of Countries Still Enforce Them

An Irish law that could fine individuals up to 25,000 euros (about $28,500) for “the publication or utterance of blasphemous, seditious, or indecent matter” will be amended to remove the crime of blasphemy.

In a referendum on the old blasphemy law, which came alongside the country’s presidential election last Friday, nearly two-thirds of Irish voters decided to revoke the controversial policy.

Even though no one had been prosecuted for blasphemy under the law, Irish evangelicals joined religious groups and fellow nonprofits campaigning to remove it from the books so that dozens of countries who do enforce such bans can no longer cite their homeland as an excuse.

The change is also seen as another move toward the largely post-religious context of its European neighbors. “Today’s vote is another important step towards a human rights compliant Constitution,” said Ireland’s Amnesty International executive director Colm O’Gorman. “It follows the massive support for the constitutional referenda allowing marriage equality and ending the abortion ban.”

Neither the Catholic Church nor the Church of Ireland opposed the repeal vote. The executive director of Evangelical Alliance Ireland had previously stated that blasphemy bans hurt religious dialogue and religious freedom, particularly for religious minorities. “Those who truly believe in God should realise that He is big enough to look after Himself without needing any assistance from the Gardaí (Irish state police),” he wrote.

At their Autumn General Meeting, the Irish Catholic Bishops’ Conference said the law was “largely obsolete, and may give rise to concern because of the way such measures have been used to justify violence and oppression against minorities in other parts of the world.”

“There is a fundamental human right to freedom of religion, but also the freedom of expression (within limits),” said the Church of Ireland’s Church and Society Commission in a statement last week.

Officials and nonprofits alike indicated that the international landscape, where dozens of countries still target individuals under blasphemy bans, was a major motivation for abolishing blasphemy in the Emerald Isle.

“By removing this provision from our Constitution, we can send a strong message to the world that laws against blasphemy do not reflect Irish values,” said Charles Flanagan, Ireland’s justice minister, prior to the vote.

Following exit polls, O’Gorman said, “Now, states like Pakistan can no longer justify their own severe anti-blasphemy laws by pointing to Ireland’s Constitution.”

After Ireland’s repeal, 68 countries still maintain blasphemy laws. While in some nations those laws are functionally obsolete, others still enforce them, even extending death penalties to blasphemy charges.

“Blasphemy laws are a way for governments to deny their citizens—and particularly those of minority religions—the basic human rights of freedom of religion or belief and freedom of expression,” said Tenzin Dorjee, chair of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF). “These are very dangerous laws and we hope that Ireland and other countries will eliminate them entirely.”

Countries with state religions like Iran and Pakistan have the harshest blasphemy penalty—death. But Sudan can sentence blasphemers to corporal punishment, and Russian and Kazakhstan laws warrant a punishment of “compulsory or correctional labor.”

In Pakistan, considered one of the harshest places for those accused of blasphemy, Christian mother of five Asia Bibi is threatened with execution if found guilty of 2010 accusations that she insulted Muhammad. A ruling was set for earlier this month, but security concerns and reviews of the country’s blasphemy laws have prolonged the high-profile case.

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Source: Christianity Today