Archaeologists Say Newly Discovered Crumbs Are Earliest Evidence of Bread

Archaeologists have found the charred remains of bread crumbs in Jordan’s Black Desert that are believed to be the oldest evidence of bread ever discovered.

The crumbs were found in two fireplaces. Through radiocarbon-dating, archaeologists concluded that the fireplaces were used over 14,000 years ago.

“Our finds provide empirical data to demonstrate that the preparation and consumption of bread-like products predated the emergence of agriculture by at least 4,000 years,” the study’s authors —
Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Lara Gonzalez Carretero, Monica N. Ramsey, Dorian Q. Fuller, and Tobias Richter — said.

“Bread has been seen as a product of agriculturist, settled societies, but our evidence from Jordan now basically predates the onset of plant cultivation … by at least 3,000 years,” said Richter, from the University of Copenhagen, noting that fully-fledged agriculture in the Levant is believed to have emerged around 8,000 BC, according to The Guardian.

“So bread was being made by hunter-gatherers before they started to cultivate any plants.”

Prior to the discovery of the burnt crumbs, the oldest known evidence of bread was unearthed in Turkey. Those remnants of ancient bread were said to be 9,000 years old at the time they were found.

Some of the food remains from Jordan were made of wheat, rye, millets, oat, and barley. Some included noncereal components.

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Source: Christian Post