In the battle for global economic supremacy, is Davos Man any match for Donald J. Trump?
Coined by the political scientist Samuel P. Huntington, the term “Davos Man” refers to an economic elite who built unheard-of fortunes on the seemingly high-minded notions of free trade, low taxes and low regulation that they championed. And they were not the only beneficiaries, according to their reasoning. What benefited them would benefit men and women on the lower rungs of economic life around the globe.
But the Great Recession, and the years of slow growth that followed, put an end to that kind of blue-sky optimism across the economic spectrum.
Indeed, the populist surge of 2016 is seen by many as a repudiation of the economic policies advocated for decades by global executives at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, and by political leaders from both sides of the aisle, including George W. Bush and Barack Obama in the United States, and David Cameron and Tony Blair in Britain.
It is an issue that is sure to be front and center as the 2017 conference begins on Tuesday.
“A slap in the face, a wake-up call — whatever you want to call it — the people left behind by globalization feel abandoned by the political elite,” said Nariman Behravesh, chief economist at the research firm IHS Markit.
In terms of real economics, however, things are more complicated. Despite dire warnings of the financial panic a Trump victory would bring and the economic fallout that could attend Britain’s decision to exit the European Union, neither has come to pass — at least not yet.
Wall Street rallied 6 percent after Mr. Trump’s victory in November, and the Dow Jones industrial average is flirting with a record 20,000. Consumer confidence is high in the United States, and other economic signals, like hiring and retail sales, are also pointing in the right direction.
In the meantime, after initially predicting a steep drop in growth after the “Brexit” vote in June, the Bank of England reversed course in November and raised its outlook for the British economy in 2017. London’s FTSE 100 has risen 14 percent since the vote.
Even in Mexico, a prime target of Mr. Trump’s, the stock market has recovered some of its losses since Election Day. And Japan’s Nikkei index has jumped 13 percent since then.
Of course, positive investor reaction does not mean that Mr. Trump’s agenda is smart policy, or that the Brexit vote was the right call. Wall Street has a long history of assuming that the worst will never come to pass, as anyone who worked at Lehman Brothers can attest.
But the resilience of the economy in the United States and abroad suggests that there is more underlying strength than many may believe.
“The most recent era of globalization has hit a brick wall, but the wall is political, not economic,” said Josh Green, chief executive of Panjiva, a data analysis firm that tracks global trade. “This isn’t the end of global trade.”
Instead, Mr. Green said, the task for policy makers and Davos types alike is to see to it that the benefits of globalization and free trade spread more widely.
“I have to say I continue to be an optimist,” he said. “Despite the volatility, we will look back on this as the beginning of a new era of politically and economically sustainable globalization.”
“There’s a disconnect between how people are voting and how people are shopping,” he added. “The holiday season was strong, and people are going to the mall or online and buying products from all over the world.”
Whether or not Mr. Green is right, it is true that when Mr. Trump takes over from President Obama on Friday — the final day of the Davos conference — he will inherit an economy that is fundamentally solid.