Elephant populations in Africa have declined by around 111,000 over the past 10 years according to a new study.
The African Elephant Status report says that poaching is the main driver of the fall, the worst losses in 25 years.
However the authors say that long-term issues such as the loss of habitat also pose a significant threat.
The report has been presented at the Cites meeting which is considering new proposals on elephant protection.
Wide range of sources
Figures published earlier this year in the Great Elephant Census indicated that African elephant populations had declined by around 30% over the past seven years.
This new study from conservation group IUCN incorporates this information but also uses data from elephant dung counts and individual observations amongst other sources.
The authors say the overall total for elephants in Africa is now around 415,000, although there may be an additional 117,000 to 135,000 in areas not systematically surveyed.
This represents a decline of some 111,000 from the report carried out in 2006.
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SOURCE: BBC, Matt McGrath