To gain the meaning of a situation, especially a tragic one, humanity will undoubtedly create a narrative. We have to. We have to do this in order to reconcile in our minds what all the chaos means. We are, by nature, social scientists who believe that when tragic things happen, there is an antagonist and protagonist and a storyline to be told.
The question is which narrative will be told? Who will be the protagonist and [the] antagonist? Through what paradigm will it be seen? We have pretty much come to terms with the fact that even media outlets — that should only give facts surrounding a story — have their own narratives that usually lean toward particular audiences.
You see, we all have our own ideas of how stories should be told. And we don’t want to hear our protagonists being denigrated or antagonists being applauded.
So, in the case of Charleston, which seems pretty cut and dry to some, we all find ourselves coming to different conclusions. The different headlines alone sometimes allude to the narrative that will be told:
“Christians Killed During Prayer Meeting”
“White Man Kills 9 Members of Black Church in South Carolina”
“Dylann Roof, 21, Unexpectedly Kills 9 People”
It’s very probable, with headlines such as these, that a particular angle will be taken, and, in writing this, I wrestled with which narrative I could tackle.
There is the view that because Christians were killed in a church, that this becomes an issue for evangelical Christians. From this angle, it would be expected that there would be a call to prayer, peace, and unity; we’d be encouraged to not let the issue of race and ethnicity cloud the reality that we are all broken people who need a savior and this event being evidence of that. Though I’d agree with much of that perspective, for me, it’s a reductionist view of what has taken place here. I’d hope if nine people who were Muslim were killed, evangelicals would still be concerned.
Another approach to understanding what has happened is talking about the main character, the shooter, Dylann Storm Roof. The media begins delving into the psyche of this 21-year-old young man: his past, his family, [and] his views on society. Many times, this creates empathetic views and humanizes the aggressor. It isolates him from what could be a systemic problem or act of terror. This often makes a person’s actions the unfortunate product of psychological warfare or terrible influences.
Lastly, and more popular, there is the view of the shooting in Charleston in light of a string of racially fueled headlines from Donald Sterling to Ferguson, on to Rachel Dolezal and to Freddie Gray. Let’s not forget about the recent death of Walter Scott and the fact that the confederate flag still hangs above South Carolina’s capitol. While some view theses as individual, isolated events that are not connected to America’s storied battle with race, (specifically between blacks and whites), others see it all as one long, connected [and] frustrating existence.
I think I can somehow use all three of these perspectives in my analysis, and my recent travels have helped shed light on this as well.
I just came home from traveling abroad, and as I toured different countries, I found it interesting that some countries do not shy away from showing the ugliness of their history and leaders, while others tend to lionize their past and historical figures. I’d have to say, in my experience (and public school education), I have seen that Americans lean toward the latter. There tends to be a sweeping idealistic notion that our country was founded with Godly purity and Biblical principles.
Though I won’t deny that the Christian faith has had great influence here, there is another side of the story often untold. It was not all God-fearing men who laid the foundations for this country. For example, the jails in England were emptied, and the prisoners were sent to the state of Georgia to settle it. Ironically, prisoners then were given the right to settle land, when felons now are denied the very right to vote. These weren’t upstanding Bible students; they were unwanted criminals.
I use this history lesson to help the idealists see that many times we’d rather ignore the brokenness of our country, which then leaves us limping because we’ve not tended to a serious wound. A wound that goes ignored becomes infected and eventually deadly. Our country has these dangerous, undressed wounds. We have wounds that we have not healed from, and covering them with a bandage does not make them go away.
Do we really believe we are in a post-racial society? The existence of Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, where the shooting took place, tells a different story.
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