It was the Carthaginian church father, Tertullian (ca. AD 150-225), who, upon contemplating the terrible carnage of his fellow Christians, dared to remark, “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the gospel.” He said it at a time when countless Christians were being put to death for their faith and the future of Christianity still hung in the balance.
But this father of the church was a man of faith who rejected the persecution of his generation’s ghastly goal, choosing instead to interpret it in light of the Christian hope that does not disappoint. Tertullian believed that these deaths would germinate for the furtherance of the Gospel (see John 12:24-25).
In this vein, you have to marvel at language and wonder if Greek didn’t develop for just such an eventuality. I am referring to “martus,” a small Greek word with a semantic domain broad enough to encircle the call to be a witness and be expanded to include the possible fate of martyrdom (Acts 22:20; Revelation 2:13; 17:6). You wouldn’t necessarily realize it by just reading a text like Acts 1:8 in English, but the risen Lord’s charge to His disciples was ostensibly to be witnesses to the world. Nevertheless, was He signaling that being a witness would result in martyrdom being visited upon His church?
Some might just want to chalk up this semantic nexus to an idiosyncrasy of the Greek language, but Jesus makes this interrelated connection in other ways as well. After all, the same Lord who said His followers would be hated by all (Matthew 10:22) also expected they would take the Gospel to the nations for a witness (Matthew 24:14). Peter is another case in point. This man, who before the crucifixion and resurrection was adverse to any kind of personal peril, makes a startling connection that many of us often miss. In his first epistle, he writes:
“And who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good? But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed” (1 Peter 3:13-14a)
With respect to this passage, we miss an important point simply because many of us have settled it in our minds that its focus is essentially apologetic. For the record, I do not doubt that this text has great apologetic value, but that, in fact, may be secondary to something more visceral. Note the preponderance of words and terms in the broader context (vv. 13-17) that suggest something perilous is happening. Peter writes with the sure expectation, or perhaps knowledge, that his readers are or will be harmed (v. 13); suffer (vv. 14, 17); be intimidated (v. 14), slandered and reviled (v. 16). All this for no reason other than that they are Christians. Sound familiar?
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SOURCE: Baptist Press
Rudy González is professor of New Testament and director of the William R. Marshall Center for Theological Studies in San Antonio, Texas, a campus of Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.