It sounds like a simple question, but unfortunately, the legalities of homeschooling children from other families, or forming homeschooling family co-ops can be a tricky matter. As with most legal issues regarding homeschooling, rules and regulations vary by state. And depending on your situation (for instance, are you sharing tasks with other parents, or simply teaching children who are not your own?) the wording can become important.
Let’s Break It Down
The types of situations you may encounter when toying with the idea of homeschooling children outside of your family or jointly homeschooling with other parents can fall into several categories. The most popular and commonly seen are:
Homeschool Co-Op. Gathering of parents that homeschool and voluntarily share teaching responsibilities with each other. The division of responsibilities depends on the talents of the individuals involved.
Small Private School. Learning environment with a private teacher hired on by parents to teach several students. The private teacher cannot be a parent to any students involved. This scenario is considered a business that should be filed as such, and have written agreements in place. Although, in some states, homeschools in themselves are considered private schools from the onset.
Paid Tutor. Formal, paid agreements between parents to homeschool children outside of the family in conjunction with their own. This happens often with working homeschool parents. This is legal in SOME states, but you must do your research.
Source: Crosswalk | Jessica Parnell, HomeschoolingHelp.com